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Studies and Reports


"Milked: Immigrant Dairy Farmworkers in NY State”, a collaborative project between Workers’ Center of Central New York and the Worker Justice Center of New York,

presents the results of a 2014-15 survey of 88 mostly undocumented Mexican and Central American farmworkers who live and work on 53 different dairy farms in Upstate New York. The report finds that the growth of the dairy industry has been achieved at the cost of basic labor rights for the immigrant farmworkers who keep modern milking parlors

running. It was coauthored by a team of community leaders and academic scholars in 2017. 

U.S. Department of State Trafficking in Persons Report 2017.


The Typology of Modern Slavery​:

Defining Sex and Labor Trafficking

in the United States, a report by Polaris. 

Polaris analyzed more than 32,000 cases of human trafficking documented between December 2007 and December 2016 through its operation of the National Human Trafficking Hotline and BeFree Textline. Its researchers

identified 25 types of human trafficking in the United States. Each one has its own business model, trafficker profiles, recruitment strategies, victim profiles, and methods of control that facilitate human trafficking.

Shedding Light on Sex Trafficking: Research, Data, and Technologies with the Greatest Impact, a comprehensive literature review of sex trafficking in the United States, with components of global human trafficking as well, published by the Luskin Center for Innovation at UCLA, May 2016 


Youth Involvement in the Sex Trade,  a multi-site study conducted by the Center for Court Innovation with funding from the Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention of the U.S. Department of Justice, designed to increase scientific knowledge concerning youth involvement in the sex trade. Nearly 1,000 youth, ages 13-24, were interviewed across six sites on subjects including entry into the sex trade, earning a living, finding customers, involvement of pimps and market facilitators, health issues and service needs, interactions with law enforcement, and outlook for the future. 


And Boys Too, an ECPAT-UsA discussion paper about the lack of recognition of the commercial sexual exploitation of boys in the United States, 2012


Trafficking and Exploitative Labor Among Homeless Youth in New Orleans, a study by the Modern Slavery Research Project of Loyola University and Covenant House, published March 2015.


Health of men, women, and children in post-trafficking services in Cambodia, Thailand, and Vietnam: an observational cross-sectional studya study  by researchers from the London School of Hygiene & Tropical Medicine and the International Organization for Migration,  published in the March 2015 issue of The Lancet Global Health.


Technology and Labor Trafficking in a Network Society, a report released  by the Center for Communication Leadership & Policy (CCLP) at the USC Annenberg School for Communication and Journalism, February 2015


Surviving the Streets of New York: Experiences of LGBTQ Youth, YMSM, and YWSW Engaged in Survival Sex, published by the Urban Institute, February 2015

Understanding the Organization, Operation, and Victimization Process of Labor Trafficking in the United States, published by the Urban Institute, October 2014


Estimating the Size and Structure of the Underground Commercial Sex Economy in Eight Major US Cities, published by the Urban Institute, March 2014


Global Report on Trafficking in Persons 2014 issued by the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime

2014 Protected Innocence Challenge: State Report Cards on the Legal Framework of Protection for the Nation’s Children from Shared Hope International; also, full report New York State report, and New York State analysis and recommendations.


Hidden in Plain Sight, an Urban Institute–Northeastern University study that evaluates the comprehensive state of labor trafficking in the United States, published October 2014.


Demanding Justice report on research into the criminal justice consequences for buyers of sex with children published by Shared Hope International in 2014.


New York State Report State Ratings 2014 issued by the Polaris Project.

Confronting Commercial Sexual Exploitation and Sex Trafficking of Minors in the United States (2013)by Institute of Medicine (IOM); National Research Council


Statistics on calls to the National Human Trafficking Resource Center from New York , (other states also available.)


Report of the Task Force on the Trafficking of Women and Girls by the American Psychological Association, 2014


Child Trafficking in Ohio, April 2014


Health of men, women, and children in post-trafficking services in Cambodia, Thailand, and Vietnam: an observational cross-sectional study, published in The Lancet Global Health, Volume 3, No. 3, e154–e161, March 2015.


Mapping the Market for Sex with Trafficked Minor Girls in Minneapolis: Structures, Functions, and Patterns, by the Urban Research and Outreach-Engagement Center of the University of Minnesota, examines the overall market structure of juvenile sex trafficking as it functions within one city. The project combines interviews, analysis of police data, and a media review. Released in September 2014


Shattered Hearts: The Commercial Sexual Exploitation of American Indian Women and Girls in Minnesota, published by the Minnesota Indian Women’s Resource Center in 2009.


Reducing Vulnerability to Human Trafficking:An Experimental Intervention Using Anti-Trafficking Campaigns to Change Knowledge, Attitudes, Beliefs, and Practices in NepalThrough the C-TIP Campus Challenge Research Grants, teams of researchers implemented public opinion surveys in USAID priority countries for C-TIP programming. The researchers sought to generate data to inform the design of programs to raise awareness about trafficking among vulnerable populations and influence knowledge, attitudes, beliefs, and practices related to trafficking. This publication focuses on research conducted in Nepal by a team led by Vanderbilt University.

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